According to projections by the U.N. International Labor Organization, climate change induced temperatures increases could lead to a loss of 80 million jobs by 2030, costing the global economy US$2.4 trillion, with poor countries worst hit.
Climate change will impact not only labor productivity and serious illness, but also rain patterns, wildfires, sea levels, natural disasters, drought and loss of biodiversity. It will affect the fishing and the agriculture sector (losing up to 60% of the working hours between farmers and workers in the agricultural supply chain), and also the transport, tourism, construction and industrial sectors.
Nevertheless, meeting the global challenge of climate change is an opportunity to boost the fast-growing green energy sector to fight climate change, while creating jobs for skilled workers.
When challenges become opportunities
In 2020, the energy sector employed nearly 60 million people worldwide. Meanwhile, in 2021, renewable energy employment reached 12.7 million; an increase of 700,000 new jobs in one year despite the prolonged effects of COVID-19.
In fact, with the global energy demand expected to double by 2050, a well-designed transition to clean energy will help to make the job market more resilient to resource scarcity and demographic changes.
When it comes to hydrogen, as an important 21st century solution to the problem of reaching CO2 emission targets given by Paris Agreement, green hydrogen technology will be a robust generator of jobs. The green hydrogen economy could provide 18% of the global energy demand, generate 30 million jobs by 2050 and generate $2.5 trillion annual revenue worldwide.